This is a completed, archived project for OCCRL.

For current and future Credit When It's Due (CWID) information, please see the CWID initiative site on the University of Washington's Community College Research Initiatives website.

CWID initiative site ›


The Credit When It’s Due (CWID) initiative is a national grant program designed to facilitate the implementation and improve the process of “reverse transfer” degree programs. CWID represents a joint venture of several foundations: Lumina FoundationThe Kresge Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates FoundationUSA FundsThe Helios Education Foundation, and Greater Texas Foundation. The following 15 states have been awarded CWID grants: Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee, and Texas. As explained in the CWID grant announcement, “The initiative is designed to encourage partnerships of community colleges and universities to significantly expand programs that award associate degrees to transfer students when students complete the requirements for the associate degree while pursuing a bachelor’s degree.” Lumina Foundation and the Gates Foundation are supporting OCCRL to conduct the research for the CWID initiative. OCCRL’s research design consists of three related studies: Baseline Study, Policy Implementation and Data Capacity Study, and Impact Study.

For additional information and current activities please visit

How Does Reverse Transfer Work?

In the most simplistic form, reverse transfer programs are intended for students who transfer from a community college to a university without earning the associate’s degree. College credits earned at the university are then transferred back to the community college where a degree audit is conducted and students are awarded an associate degree’s if all degree requirements are met. CWID states are implementing reverse transfer in different ways, and as these approaches are developed and implemented we will report them on this website and in other venues.


  • Conduct a baseline study that documents and analyzes pre-CWID policies and data related to reverse transfer
  • Conduct a policy implementation and data capacity study that documents the development and implementation of reverse transfer-related policies and practices
  • Conduct an impact study to track students longitudinally to determine the impact of CWID and reverse transfer programs
  • Facilitate and support communications and among CWID states, funders, and the public

CWID Publications

Publication Search

    CWID Webinars

    Reverse Transfer Webinar: Tennessee’s Experience
    Gloria Gammell, University of Tennessee; India Lane, University of Tennessee; Tammy Lemon, University of Tennessee; Debra Bragg, OCCRL; Jason Taylor, University of Utah

    Reverse Transfer Webinar Recording: Hawaii’s Experience
    Gary Rodwell, University of Hawaii at Manoa; Debra Bragg, OCCRL; Jason Taylor, University of Utah